Philosophy is a complicated yet beautiful topic. It has the power to make you question everything you know and see the world in a new light. If you’re looking to explore philosophy further, then you’ve come to the right place.
If you love reading about philosophical concepts and thinking about the big questions in life, then you’ll want to check out this list of the top 10 philosophical books of all time.
We’ve compiled a selection of texts that cover a range of topics, from ethics and morality to existentialism and the nature of reality. Whether you’re new to philosophy or already have a favorite thinker, there’s something here for everyone.
So settle in, get comfortable, and let’s explore some of the most influential works in all of philosophy!
1. The Republic by Plato
The Republic is one of Plato’s most famous works, and it covers a wide range of topics, including ethics, morality, justice, and the nature of reality.
In The Republic, Plato argues that the ideal society would be ruled by philosopher-kings who have a knowledge of the good.
It is considered to be the first book on both political science and governance and advocates the use of platonic methods to establish sound reason through justice. One of Plato’s most famous works is still read and studied today.
2. The Bible
The Bible is an anthology of religious texts that cover various topics, including ethics, morality, and the nature of God! It is one of the most influential sacred texts in history and is still read by millions of people across the globe.
Regardless of whether you are a faithful Christian or an atheist, you should simply read The Bible for the wisdom it offers through its verses.
3. The Tao Te Ching by Lao Tzu
Written more than 2,000 years ago, The Tao Te Ching by Lao Tzu is a philosophical text that covers the topic of Taoism, which is the principle that everything in the universe follows a natural order.
This book has been influential for centuries and is still studied and read today.
It is the ultimate book for spiritually inclined people who are seeking enlightenment.
This book is still relevant in the 21st Century since Lao Tzu’s words are helpful in mastering the arts of leadership in business and politics as they help develop a sense of balance and harmony in everyday life.
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4. Meditations by Marcus Aurelius
Meditations by Marcus Aurelius is a collection of personal reflections written by the Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius.
The book offers insights into the Stoic philosophy, which teaches that we should live in harmony with nature and focus on things that are within our control. Stoicism is the philosophy that holds that the best way to live is by maintaining a sense of detachment from the things that happen to us in life.
This book is still read and studied today for its insights on how to live a good life.
5. Nicomachean Ethics by Aristotle
Nicomachean Ethics by Aristotle is another classic philosophical text covering ethics and morality.
In this book, Aristotle argues that the goal of life is to achieve happiness, which can be done by living in accordance with reason. He argues that happiness consists of the soul’s activity in accordance with virtue.
The thoughts of Aristotle influenced western thought on ethical matters to date.
6. The Critique of Pure Reason by Immanuel Kant
The Critique of Pure Reason by Immanuel Kant is a seminal text in the field of epistemology or the study of knowledge. Kant argues that all knowledge comes from experience and that we can never know things as they indeed are in themselves.
The book argues by bringing together two opposing schools of philosophy: rationalism and empiricism. The concept of “transcendental idealism” by Kant is one that goes far beyond these two alternatives and paves the way for a life that is virtuous, fulfilling, and impactful.
7. Being and Nothingness by Jean-Paul Sartre
Being and Nothingness by Jean-Paul Sartre is a crucial work of existentialism. It is a dense and challenging work of existentialist philosophy.
In it, Sartre argues that human beings are defined by their freedom and their choice to create themselves. Known as” The Bible Of Existentialism,” this book is believed to have changed the course of western philosophy with its immediate impact on culture and literature.
8. Beyond Good and Evil by Friedrich Nietzsche
Beyond Good and Evil by Friedrich Nietzsche is a seminal work in philosophy that explores the nature of good and evil. Nietzsche argues that traditional morality is based on outdated concepts of good and evil.
He also argues that we need to move beyond good and evil and embrace new values that reflect the modern world.
9. The Varieties of Religious Experience by William James
The Varieties of Religious Experience by William James is a philosophical exploration of the nature of religious experience. James examines different religious experiences and argues that they all share some standard features.
He also argues that religious experience can be a powerful tool for personal growth and transformation.
10. The Phenomenology of Spirit by Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
The Phenomenology of Spirit by Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel is a dense and challenging work of philosophy.
Hegel argues that all human knowledge is based on our experience of the world around us. He also argues that history is a dialectical process, moving from thesis to antithesis to synthesis.
11. The Divine Comedy by Dante Alighieri
The Divine Comedy by Dante Alighieri is an epic poem that follows Dante on a journey through Hell, Purgatory, and Paradise.
Along the way, Dante meets several characters who represent different aspects of human nature. The poem is an excellent work of both literature and philosophy, offering insights into the nature of good and evil, sin and redemption.
Philosophy is analogous to life; without philosophy, life would be as meaningless as the ocean without waves.
When a philosophy book is written, the lessons and arguments they present will stay relevant to human behavior and inquisitiveness for millennials.
We hope you find some books that help you raise your level of awareness and action as you crack the code to a happy and fulfilling life.
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